Atopic Dermatitis V/S Eczema - Different Types and How to Treat them

Atopic dermatitis vs Eczema

Atopic dermatitis and eczema are two conditions that cause the skin to become irritated and inflamed. Both conditions can be very uncomfortable and make daily activities difficult to perform. Although atopic dermatitis and eczema are similar, there are some key differences between the two conditions. 

Atopic dermatitis is a chronic condition that causes the skin to become dry, itchy, and inflamed. It is often hereditary and is more common in people who have other allergies or asthma. 

Eczema, on the other hand, is a general term for a group of conditions that cause the skin to become irritated and inflamed. There are many different types of eczema, and its cause of it is not always known. 

Atopic dermatitis and eczema are two very different skin conditions.

Atopic dermatitis is a chronic, inflammatory skin condition that is characterized by dry, scaly skin. Eczema, on the other hand, is a general term used to describe several different skin conditions that can cause dry, itchy skin. While both atopic dermatitis and eczema can be uncomfortable and sometimes even painful, there are some slight differences between the two conditions.

Atopic dermatitis is often hereditary, meaning it runs in families. It is also more likely to occur in people who have other allergies, such as asthma or hay fever. It is often triggered by environmental factors, such as exposure to irritants, heat, or cold and is a chronic condition that can be difficult to manage. There is no cure for atopic dermatitis, but there are treatments that can help to relieve the symptoms.

Eczema is a general term for several different types of skin inflammation (dermatitis). Atopic dermatitis, also known as eczema, is a chronic (long-lasting) inflammation of the skin that usually occurs in people who have a history of allergies or asthma. Eczema is not contagious. The exact cause of eczema is unknown, but it is thought to be caused by a combination of genetic and environmental factors. People with eczema often have a family history of allergies, such as asthma, hay fever, or food allergies.

Types of eczema and dermatitis:

There are different types of dermatitis and eczema and to make things worse, one can contract more than one at the same time. Though the symptoms are the same, they are distinct from each other based on their peculiar symptoms.

Atopic dermatitis or eczema:

Characterized by an itchy red rash, usually appears on the joints of the body like knees or elbows and around the neck. But, it can occur anywhere on the body. It is a condition that requires symptom management. It causes flare-ups and bouts, which can get worse or improve in cycles. Some of the symptoms include:

  • itching
  • weeping sores
  • flaky or scaly patches
  • dry skin

Contact dermatitis:

This occurs when your skin comes in contact with a foreign object which can include certain metals, bleach, soap, poison ivy, or other irritants. It comes in the form of a red rash which may itch or burn and varies from person to person. Symptoms include:

  • blisters with liquid
  • stinging
  • burning
  • itching
  • red rash

Seborreheic dermatitis:

It affects the area where the hair grows or oils are produced. These are the areas which secrete sebum and the skin will have a dry, scaly appearance caused by a reaction to the yeast in the skin. It is also referred to as cradle cap, seborrhea, pityriasis capitis, and sebopsoriasis.

Symptoms include:

  • rash in oily areas
  • red skin
  • dandruff
  • scaly patches

There are several other types of eczema:

Asteatotic eczema:

More common in older adults, due to changes in the skin associated with ageing. It is also known as eczema craquelure or xerotic eczema. it is associated with dry skin mostly in the legs showing a distinctive "dry riverbed" appearance.

Nummular or discoid dermatitis:

It is a long-term condition with symptoms of patchy skin that oozes liquid. However, they appear in distinct round shapes. Common triggers include skin trauma, insect bites, dry skin, and chemical burns.

Dyshidrotic eczema:

Commonly seen in adults under 40 and females. It is also referred to as pompholyx causing small, painful, itchy blisters on the soles of the feet and palms of the hand. Common triggers include exposure to metals, hot weather, allergies, moist hands, and stress.


Also known as lichen simplex chronicus, it is characterized by patches of skin on the feet, scalp, wrist, ankles, elbows, back of the neck, and groin area. It develops when a person scratches an itchy skin patch and the itching can result in bleeding and scarring.


Treatment for atopic dermatitis usually includes moisturizers and avoidance of triggers. Eczema treatment may also include topical corticosteroids, antihistamines, and light therapy. In severe cases, oral immunosuppressants may be necessary.

Eczema treatment can vary depending on the cause. If the cause is unknown, emollients and corticosteroids are often used to help control the symptoms. If the cause is known, such as an allergy to a particular substance, avoidance of the allergen is the best course of treatment.

Novaclear Atopis Range:

Atopic, dry or sensitive skin in the age of modern technology and innovation can also look healthy and aesthetic.

Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a chronic and, unfortunately, recurrent inflammatory disease with periods of remission and exacerbation. The skin is thin, very dry, devoid of the natural lipid coat, and prone to irritation and keratosis, which causes itchy eruptions. This type of skin undoubtedly requires special care and special cosmetics. And this is also the case - a special idea shone through the creators of the ATOPIS line of cosmetics. This is undoubtedly a new dimension in atopic skincare! It will satisfy the expectations of the most demanding and problematic skin.

The secret of effective care of dry, sensitive skin lies in the intelligent composition of active ingredients of individual preparations. Their proper selection and daily use will reduce unpleasant symptoms of AD, such as irritation, dryness and tension. Thanks to fatty acids (omega 3-6-9) in Organic Hemp Seed Oil which keeps the skin in good condition, rebuilds the hydro-lipid layer of the epidermis, reduces inflammation and protects the skin against radiation. Certified Organic Hemp Oil has an ideal ratio of omega 3 to omega 6 3: 1, a structure similar to the natural protective coat of our skin. This substance is quickly absorbed and does not leave a greasy film on the skin, which facilitates daily care treatments and gives an excellent moisturizing effect. A valuable component of ATOPIS cosmetics is also liquorice root extract. First of all, it is distinguished by its antibacterial, anti-inflammatory and anti-allergic properties. Combined with allantoin, which also enriches the formula of ATOPIS preparations - perfectly soothes irritations, and redness and significantly reduces the feeling of itching. Panthenol plays an important role in the care of dry and sensitive skin - this hydrophilic moisturizing substance perfectly regenerates and smoothes the skin and accelerates the regeneration process of the epidermis, which is invaluable in the case of AD. The formula of ATOPIS cosmetics is also enriched by vitamin E - indispensable in the fight against free radicals and the first signs of ageing. Glycerine natural origin (it is made of rapeseed, which is certified "non-GMO") - facilitating, inter alia, transport of active substances deep into the skin and many, many other substances that, thanks to daily care, will restore your skin to its natural physiological balance, optimal hydration and healthy insight.

Dermacosmetic for Atopic Skin from Novaclear:

Thanks to these products, your skin will be even closer to nature. Each of them is free of chemicals, artificial colours, parabens and fragrances. In the ATOPIS series you will find anti-itching spray, face and body cleansing foam, face and body cleanser, shampoo with organic hemp oil, moisturizing face and body cream, moisturizing face and body cream, moisturizing body lotion and cream for hands with organic hemp oil.


Although most forms of eczema and dermatitis are chronic conditions, they can be prevented by avoiding and finding the irritant that caused the skin condition. One exception from this is contact dermatitis.

It is advisable to consult a dermatologist for a proper skin prognosis and diagnosis. Also, try to avoid the triggers like allergens for contact dermatitis and gluten for dermatitis herpetiformis.

It can also be avoided by proper skin care which includes the following:

  • Avoid long showers or baths, which can dry out the skin.
  • Use moisturizers like oils, lotions, or creams.
  • Avoid irritants that make your skin more susceptible to breakouts, like scented products.
  • Don’t scrub your skin too hard.
  • Use topical steroids to help with itching.
  • Keep your fingernails short if you have a habit of scratching.
  • Avoid stressful situations that may cause a flare-up.

When to see a doctor:

Although most of the cases are manageable, one should watch out for these symptoms or indications to visit a dermatologist:

  • chills and fever
  • weepy skin with clear or yellow fluid
  • crust or spots on the skin or eczema
  • feeling unwell
  • worsening of symptoms
  • pain and itching are affecting sleep and other activities
  • lesions on new areas


While atopic dermatitis and eczema are both skin conditions, there are some key differences between the two. Atopic dermatitis is more common in children, while eczema can affect people of all ages. Atopic dermatitis is also more likely to cause dry, itchy skin, while eczema can cause a variety of symptoms, including dryness, redness, and swelling.